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Derivatives options and futures ppt
A long call spread gives you the right to buy stock at strike price A and obligates you to sell the stock at strike price B if assigned. This strategy is an alternative to buying a long call. Selling a cheaper call with higher-strike B helps to offset the cost of the call you buy at strike A.
That ultimately limits your risk. You may wish to consider buying a shorter-term long call spread, e. Potential profit is limited to the difference between strike A and strike B minus the net debit paid. For this strategy, the net effect of time decay is somewhat neutral. After the strategy is established, the effect of implied volatility depends on where the stock is relative to your strike prices. If your forecast was correct and the stock price is approaching or above strike B, you want implied volatility to decrease.
If your forecast was incorrect and the stock price is approaching or below strike A, you want implied volatility to increase for two reasons. First, it will increase the value of the option you bought faster than the out-of-the-money option you sold, thereby increasing the overall value of the spread.
Second, it reflects an increased probability of a price swing which will hopefully be to the upside. Options involve risk and are not suitable for all investors. For more information, please review the Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options brochure before you begin trading options. Options investors may lose the entire amount of their investment in a relatively short period of time.
Multiple leg options strategies involve additional risks , and may result in complex tax treatments. Please consult a tax professional prior to implementing these strategies. Implied volatility represents the consensus of the marketplace as to the future level of stock price volatility or the probability of reaching a specific price point.
The Greeks represent the consensus of the marketplace as to how the option will react to changes in certain variables associated with the pricing of an option contract. There is no guarantee that the forecasts of implied volatility or the Greeks will be correct. Ally Invest provides self-directed investors with discount brokerage services, and does not make recommendations or offer investment, financial, legal or tax advice.
System response and access times may vary due to market conditions, system performance, and other factors. Content, research, tools, and stock or option symbols are for educational and illustrative purposes only and do not imply a recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell a particular security or to engage in any particular investment strategy.
The projections or other information regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes are hypothetical in nature, are not guaranteed for accuracy or completeness, do not reflect actual investment results and are not guarantees of future results.
All investments involve risk, losses may exceed the principal invested, and the past performance of a security, industry, sector, market, or financial product does not guarantee future results or returns. The Options Playbook Featuring 40 options strategies for bulls, bears, rookies, all-stars and everyone in between. The Strategy A long call spread gives you the right to buy stock at strike price A and obligates you to sell the stock at strike price B if assigned.
Both options have the same expiration month. Maximum Potential Profit Potential profit is limited to the difference between strike A and strike B minus the net debit paid. Maximum Potential Loss Risk is limited to the net debit paid.
Ally Invest Margin Requirement After the trade is paid for, no additional margin is required. As Time Goes By For this strategy, the net effect of time decay is somewhat neutral. Implied Volatility After the strategy is established, the effect of implied volatility depends on where the stock is relative to your strike prices.
Use the Technical Analysis Tool to look for bullish indicators. Break-even at Expiration Strike A plus net debit paid.