How exchange rate fluctuations affect companies

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This project is particular the case in Nigeria where currency fluctuation and international trade trade extensively pays in his home currency to purchase a certain quality of funds in another country, that is the price of foreign exchange. The report has attempt showing the likely impact of exchange rate fluctuation on international trade, which flows inside and outside the community.

The analysis indicates the needs currency fluctuation and international trade distinguish both the shorts — term volatility and medium-term fluctuation. Also import and export trade. The work find out that the recent exchange rate fluctuation has some negative and positive impact on international trade in Nigeria.

During the process of this project we touched the important aspects such as:. The policy tools can be effectively developed to keep rate within those ranges.

How we achieve exchange rate stability. That there is ways of minimizing risk associated with exchange rate and international trade in Nigeria. Exchange rate has impact on international trade.

How exchange rate should be determine. The information for this project was collected from the questionnaire distributed to the banks, central bank of Nigeria, also with the use of primary and secondary data, like journals, newspaper, Bureau de change and interviews, magazines and related text books.

The data collected were analyzed and recommendation and suggestions were given. This is particularly the case in Nigeria where countries trade extensively pays in his home currency to purchase a certain quality of funds in another country that is it is the price of foreign exchange. This report will attempt to show the likely impact of exchange rate fluctuation on international trade which flows inside and outside the community the analysis will indicate the need to distinguish between short-term votality and medium —term fluctuation.

I will find that the recent exchange rate fluctuation is likely to have some negative and positive impact on international trade in Nigeria. In this production, I set out to examine the impact of exchange currency fluctuation and international trade fluctuation on international trade in Nigeria. The study will be carried out through the use of primary and secondary data from banks; central bank of Nigeria, journals, bureaux de change, business newspapers to enable to answer the following question: What policy tools can be effectively deployed to keep rate within those ranges.

What range of fluctuation is consistent with the underlying fundamentals and hence acceptable? Should the range be decided in advance? Should they be announced to keep secret or should they be simply applied in an adhoc manner. Importers who make payments in foreign currencies.

Policy makers of the central bank of Nigeria who issue the guideline governing international trade practice. Bank especially the commercial bank and merchant banks. Student of financial studies who might take a cue from the work to further research into the field of exchange rate fluctuations and international trade. The genera; public who has a right to contribute and informed to the activities of banking institutions etc.

Review of Related Literature. Research Design and Methodology. Data Presentation and Analysis. The historical development of international trade can be traced to the period of World War 1 — The action of individual government accelerated the drop in level of world trade.

World War II stimulate trade and in the immediate post war period the long run trend has towards a relaxation of barriers. International financial developments are having an increase effect on people because all parts of the world are now closely linked together than ever, before communication throughout the world take place within a second.

Trade and other economic contact between nations have expanded greatly in modern time. The movement of commodities often over great distances, has made available many articles which could not be enjoyed and has raised standards of living. Thus, international trade are having both a greater amount and a greater variety of goods to consume now.

The growth of international transaction has gone hand in hand currency fluctuation and international trade technological improvement in production and with the development of transportation. Those advances have made possible the increase in the volume and variety of goods produced and traded.

Before oil exploration started inNigeria was a net exporter of some palm kernel, groundnut, rubber etc. As a matter of fact, export declined This foretold the coming of a new era of economic property for this nation in which export revenues will be as much from many other sources as from oil whose price fluctuate currency fluctuation and international trade the world market which became a nightmare for all those who plan the economy.

The need for international currency fluctuation and international trade cannot be over emphasized. The economies of the world have become so complex that no nation can afford to in anarchy or isolation. There is every need for not equally endowed in nature, countries require interacting exchanging resources with one another economic currency fluctuation and international trade among nation is indispensable.

The foreign suggests that exchange rate risk at it affects the importer is one that is enough to hinder development in the country thereby defeating laudable objectives of government. The questions that this project addressed are:. How can we achieve exchange rate currency fluctuation and international trade. And currency fluctuation and international trade know if there is any impact in exchange rate on international trade.

Also to determine the possible method by which risk associated currency fluctuation and international trade exchange rate fluctuation can be minimized and to discover whether government importers are given preferential treatment as regards the remittance of funds.

Should they be announced to keep secretly or should they be simply applied in an adhoc manner. To seek and determine as far as possible method by which this risk associated with exchange rate fluctuation can be minimized.

To discover whether government importers are given preferential treatment as regard. To ascertain whether it is widely believed that the FEM policy has not achieved a realistic exchange rate in Naira. To ascertain whether the introduction of structural adjustment programme SAP by the government through foreign exchange market FEM is alleviating the problem created by the dual nature of international trade.

Base on the findings to make appropriate recommendations for the future, both for Nigeria and global community. The significance of this study therefore, lies on the recommendations made at the end of the study and its implementations. Policy makers of the central bank of Nigeria who issue the guidelines government international trade practice. Bank — especially the commercial banks and merchant banks. Students of banking and finance in fact, all in financial studies department school who might take a cue from the work done here for further research into the currency fluctuation and international trade of exchange rate fluctuations and international trade.

The general public who has a right to contribute and be informed currency fluctuation and international trade the activity ies of our banking institutions. It is hoped that the findings and recommendations of this study will adequately benefit the various interest groups named above. The following research question is an attempt currency fluctuation and international trade evaluate the performance of the exchange rate fluctuation on international trade, which will be designed to reflect problems of research project work and required to be answer.

What are the feature of exchange rate. How does it influence the cost and standard of living of individuals in Nigeria. To what extent does it has impact in international trade in Nigeria. Has the recent of affairs of exchange rate put any effect or impact on international trade. The exchange rate fluctuation has impact on international trade in Nigeria.

The project work on completion will prove this hypothesis and findout, why in order to recommend ways of solving problems. Also it is a systematic record of the economic transactions during a currency fluctuation and international trade period between the residents of a country and the rest of the world. It is a situation where a given amount of currency fluctuation and international trade buys less quantity of goods than it used to.

But in this case, it mainly brought about by government policies especially increase supply of naira by printing notes or borrowing from external bodies. This is a situation where Nigeria has no foreign currency for example dollar or pound sterling to buy goods from abroad owing to dividend earning from export. These are institutions or firm registered to buy and currency fluctuation and international trade foreign exchange with the aim of eliminating the black market and finding, a realistic change for the naira.

This is the same as international liquidity. An amount kept by a country in s world or convertible currency. These are debts owned to external bodies or institutions by Nigeria.

A document authorizing a bank to pay the bearer a specified sum of money. It provides a useful means of settlement for a foreign trade transaction, the purchaser currency fluctuation and international trade a credit in favour of his creditor at a bank.

This is a situation where a given amount of naira buys less quantity of goods than it used to. This is mainly brought about by higher demand for foreign goods and services supplied in the exchange market. A state of freedom of trade in bilateral, it involves only two countries, while in multilateral it involves all countries of the world.

These are money kept in the bank by the customers for purchasing of foreign exchange. It does not depend on the relation of the supply and demand for it is in the Foreign Exchange Market. The intervention in the FEM over the exchange is done through exchange equalization Account. This is an exchange rate, which is allowed to respond to the market forces of demand and supply of foreign exchange. This is invalue of a currency in relation to other currencies.

They are those assets of it items which are generally regarded or acceptable as medium of exchange in the settlement of balance of payment deficits. This is achieved when the sum of the value of exports of goods, services, transfer, and long-term capital equals the sum of the value of import of goods, service, transfer, and long-term capital.

This results when the total export receipts of good, services, transfers and currency fluctuation and international trade capital exceeds import payments, while deficit balance of currency fluctuation and international trade occurs when the import payment exceeds export payment. You are allowed to use the original model papers you will receive in the following ways: Log on to www. Mail News Tutor Projects More. During the process of this project we touched the important aspects such as: The recommendation made currency fluctuation and international trade this project will benefit the following currency fluctuation and international trade Importers who make payments in foreign currencies ii.

The questions that this project addressed are: In general, the research is of immense benefit to the following: Equilibrium Balance of Payment:

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